Wu, Z., Chen, A.#, & Cai, X.# (2022) Neuronal response to reward and luminance in Macaque LIP during saccadic choice. #, co-     corresponding author, Neuroscience Bulletin,


Cai, X. (2021) The neural instantiation of an abstract cognitive map for economic choice. Neuroscience, Vol. 477:106 - 114.

Cai, X. #, & Padoa-Schioppa, C. (2021) Neuronal activity in the dorsal anterior cingulate cortex in economic decisions under variable action costs. eLife, 10:e71695. #, corresponding author.

Shin, E.J., Jang, Y., Kim, S., Kim, H., Cai, X., Lee, H., Sul, J.H., Lee, S.H., Chung, Y., Lee, D. #, & Jung, M.W.# (2021) Robust and distributed neural   representation of action values. eLife 10. #, co-corresponding author.

Yim, M., Cai, X.#, & Wang, X.# (2019) Transforming choice outcome to action plan in monkey lateral prefrontal cortex: a neural circuit model. Neuron 103: 1-13. #, co- corresponding author.

Cai, X.#, & Padoa-Schioppa, C. (2019) Neuronal evidence for good-based economic decisions under variable action costs. Nature Communications 10(1): 393. #, corresponding author.

Rustichini, A.#, Conen, K.E., Cai, X., & Padoa-Schioppa, C. (2017) Optimal coding and neuronal adaptation in economic decisions. Nature Communications 8(1): 1208. #, corresponding author.


Seo, H., Cai, X., Donahue C.H., & Lee, D. (2014) Neural correlates of strategic reasoning during competitive games. Science 346(6207): 340-343.

Cai, X., & Padoa-Schioppa, C. (2014) Contributions of orbitofrontal and lateral prefrontal cortices to economic choice and the good-to-action transformation. Neuron 81(5): 1140-1151.

Maoz, U., Rutishauser U., Kim, S., Cai, X., Lee, D., & Koch, C. (2013) Predeliberation activity in prefrontal cortex and striatum and the prediction of subsequent value judgment. Frontiers in Neuroscience 7: 225.

Kim, S., Cai, X., Hwang, J., & Lee, D. (2012) Prefrontal and striatal activity related to values of objects and locations. Frontiers in Neuroscience 6: 108.

Cai, X., & Padoa-Schioppa, C. (2012) Neuronal encoding of subjective value in dorsal and ventral anterior cingulate cortex. Journal of Neuroscience 32(11): 3791-3808.

Padoa-Schioppa, C., & Cai, X. (2011) The orbitofrontal cortex and the computation of subjective value: consolidated concepts and new perspectives. Ann N Y Acad Sci 1239: 130-137.3 2011


Cai, X., Kim, S., & Lee, D. (2011) Heterogeneous coding of temporally discounted values in th dorsal and ventral striatum during intertemporal choice. Neuron 69(1): 170-182.

Cai, X., Y. Shimansky, Y., & He, J. (2005) Learning-induced Dependence of Neuronal Activity in Primary Motor Cortex on Motor Task Condition. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 2: 2114-2117.

Cai, X., Shimansky, Y.P., Weber, D.J., & He, J. (2005) Reorganization of Neural Activity in Cerebral Cortex during Adaptation to External Force Perturbations of Reaching Movement. Conf Proc 2nd International IEEE/EMBS Conference on Neural Engineering, Page(s): 388 – 391.

Cai, X., Shimansky, Y.P., Weber, D.J., & He, J. (2004) Disassociation between primary motor cortical activity and movement kinematics during adaptation to reach perturbations. Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc 6: 4665-4668.

Shimansky, Y.P., Cai, X., Weber, D.J., & He, J. (2003) Modifications of motor cortical activity induced by adaptation to movement perturbations as revealed by chronic multielectrode recordings in monkeys. Conf Proc 25th Annual International Conference of the IEEE/EMBS. Page(s):1766 – 1769.